THE “GOLDEN HOUR”
The first hour after the trauma is called ‘golden hour’. Instant and
proper first aid given to road accident victims during this hour
increases the chance of survival manifold and reduces the severity
of injuries. Many deaths and disabilities due to impact of injuries
can be prevented with timely First Aid.
It is an accepted strategy of trauma care that if basic life
support, first aid and replacement of fluids leading to initial
stabilization can be arranged with in first hour of the injury
called ‘Golden Hour’, lives of many accident victims can be saved.
Necessary activities to achieve are initial stabilization by trained
manpower, rapid transportation and medical facilities to treat such
cases of trauma, all within a defined period of time.
It is not always possible that proper medical care reaches the
victim within an hour, In that case the passerby, onlookers and
other people (first responders) involved can provide the first aid
to serious victims. However, improper handling of victims can worsen
the situation. Though providing proper first aid to an accident
victim is not so complicated, one should be aware of the procedures
National Highway accident Relief Service Scheme (NHARSS)
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has come up with a scheme
entails providing cranes and ambulances to state /UTs/NGOs for
relief and rescue measures in the aftermath of accidents by way of
evacuating road accident victims to nearest medical aid center and
for clearing the accident site.
Further Ministry of Road Transport & Highways would provide advanced
life support ambulances to identified hospitals to be upgraded under
the Ministry of Health and Family Welfares scheme ‘establishment of
an integrated network of Trauma Centers along the Golden
One of the misconceptions about road accidents death is that most of
them happen due to sever injury and loss of blood. But reality is
that most common cause of death in road accident is due to loss of
oxygen supply. Most of the times it happens because airway gets
blocked due to great impact and shock to body. Normally it takes
less than four minutes for a blocked airway to cause death.