Government of Puducherry
Traffic Police

 

ROAD ACCIDENT SCENARIO IN INDIA

Road accident is most unwanted thing to happen to a road user, though they happen quite often. The most unfortunate thing is that we donít learn from our mistake on road. Most of the road users are quite well aware of the general rules and the laxity on part of road users which cause accidents and crashes. Main cause of accidents and crashes are human errors. We are elaborating some of the common behaviour of drivers which result in accident:

Over speeding

Drunken Driving

Distractions to Driver

Red Light jumping Avoiding safety gears like seat belts and Helmets

Non adherence to lane driving and overtaking in wrong manner

OVER SPEEDING:

The urge to leave all others behind is human but most of the fatal accidents exponentially multiplies the risk of accident and severity of injury during accident than the slower one and the severity of accident will also be much more in case of faster vehicles. Higher the speed, greater the risk. At high speed the vehicle needs greater distance to stop i.e braking distance. A slower vehicle comes to halt in a shorter distance while faster one takes long way to stop and is also prove to skidding. A vehicle moving at high speed will have greater impact during the crash and hence will cause more injured. The ability to judge the situation also gets reduced while driving at faster speed which causes error in judgment and finally crash.

DRUNKEN DRIVING:

Consumption of alcohol to celebrate any occasion is common. But when mixed with driving it can turn celebration into a misfortune. Alcohol reduces concentration. It decreases reaction time of a human body. Limbs take more time to react to the instructions of brain. I

t hampers vision due to dizziness. Alcohol dampens fear and incites humans to take risks. Al these factors cause accidents and many a times it proves fatal. For every increase of 0.05% (BAC) blood alcohol concentration, the risk of accident doubles. Apart from alcohol many drugs, medicines also affect the skills and concentration necessary for driving. First of all we recommend to consume alcohol but if your feel your merrymaking is not complete without it do not drive under the influence of alcohol. Ask a teetotaler friend or a taxi to drop you home.

DISTRACTION TO DRIVER

A minor distraction while driving can cause major accidents. The cause of distraction could be outside or inside the vehicle. The major distraction now a day is talking on mobile phone while driving. The act of talking on phone occupies major production of brain and the smaller part handles the driving skills. This division of brain hampers reaction time and ability of judgment and becomes one of the reason of crashes. One should never attend to telephone while driving. If the call is urgent should pull out beside the road and attend the call.

Some of the other distraction on road are:

Adjusting mirror while driving

Adjusting stereo / radio in vehicle

Animals on the road

Banners and Billboards

The driver should not get distracted due to these things and reduce speed to remain safe during diversions and other kinds of outside distraction

RED LIGHT JUMPING

 It is a common sight at road intersections that vehicle cross without caring for the light. The main motive behind red light jumping is to save time. The common conception is that stop you at red signal is wastage of time and fuel. Studies have shown that traffic signals followed properly by all drivers save time and commuters reach destination safely and timely. A red light jumper not only jeopardizes his own life but also the safety of other road users. This act by one driver incites other drivers to violate the rules and finally it causes chaos at crossing. This chaos at intersection is major cause of traffic jams. Eventually everybody gets late to their destinations. It has also been seen that the red light jumper crosses the intersection with greater speed to avoid challan but it hampers his ability to judge the ongoing traffic and quite often crashes.

AVOIDING SAFETY GEARS LIKE SAT BELTS AND HELMETS:

Use of seat belt in four Wheeler is now mandatory and not wearing seat belt invites penalty. Same is the case with helmets for two wheeler drivers. Wearing seat belts and helmet has been brought under law after proven studies that these two safeguards reduce the severity of injury during accidents. Wearing seat belts and helmets doubles the chances of survival in a serious accident. Safety gears keep you intact and safe in case of accidents. Two wheeler deaths have been drastically reduced after marking the use of helmet mandatory. One should use safety gears of prescribed standard ( preferably ISI Marked) and tie them properly for optimum safety.

 

DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC ON ENVIRONMENT

1.     Safety 2. Noise 3.Jams & Congestion 4. Air pollution 5.Degrading the Aesthetics

How different factors contribute to Accidents:

Drivers: Over-speeding, rash driving, violation of rules, failure to understand signs, fatigue, alcohol consumption.

Pedestrian: Carelessness, illiteracy, crossing at wrong places, moving on carriageway, jaywalkers.

Passengers: Projecting their body outside vehicle, by talking to drivers, alighting and boarding vehicle from wrong side, traveling on footboards, catching a running bus etc, non use of helmets, seat belts.

Vehicles: Failure of brakes or steering, tyre burst, insufficient headlights, overloading, projecting loads.

Road Conditions: Potholes, damaged road, eroded road, merging of rural roads with highways, diversions, illegal speed breakers, improper signes and markings, poor lighting, poor geometry.

Weather conditions: Fog, snow, heavy rainfall, wind storms, hail storms.

Preventive measures for accidents:

Education and awareness about road safety

Strict Enforcement of Law

Engineering;

a)    Vehicle design

b)   Road infrastructure

Direct Consequences of Accidents:

Fatality (Death),

Injury

Damage to Property

Govt. of India has taken several steps to improve road safety for road users which are as under:

It is ensured that road safety is the integral part of road design at planning stage.

Various steps to enhance road safety such as road furniture, road markings/ road signs, introduction of Highway Traffic Management System using Intelligent Transport System, enhancement of discipline among contractors during construction, road safety audit on selected stretches, have been undertaken by National Highways Authority of India.

Refresher training to Heavy Motor Vehicle drivers in the unorganized sector

Setting up of Driving Training School in the states.

Publicity campaign on road safety awareness both through the audio- visual and print media.

Conferment of National Award for voluntary organizations/ Individual for outstanding work in the field of road safety

Tightening of safety standards of vehicles like seat belts, Power-steering, rear view mirror etc.

Providing cranes and ambulances to various Stat Governments/ NGOs under National Highway accident Relief service Scheme. National Highway Authority of India also provides ambulances at a distance of 50 Km. on each of its completed stretches of National Highways under its operation & Maintenance contracts.

Widening and improvements of National Highways from 2 lanes to 4 Lanes and 4 Lanes to 6 Lanes etc.

Spreading awareness among youth to make road safety a social movement.

Common Driving Mistakes

 

  1. Loosing attention- ĎZoning outí

-      Stay relaxed but totally focused.

-      Concentrate on your journey, not your pending issues.

 

  1. Driving while drowsy

-      Take breaks frequently or as required.

-      Make sure to get adequate rest before long trips.

 

  1. Getting distracted inside car (cell phone, radio, passengers)

-      Avoid using cell phone while driving

-      Plan and study your trip prior to commencing

 

  1. Failing to adjust to adverse weather conditions

-      Slow down in rain

-      Allow for longer stopping distances

-      Adjust for poor visibility

 

  1. Driving aggressively (tailgating, jumping red lights, and stop signs, etc.)

-      Allow yourself ample time to make the trip.

-      Remain calm and drive safely.

 

  1. Anticipate about other drivers intentions

-      Drive defensively

-      Allow cushion for the unexpected

-      Make your intentions clear, use turn signals etc.

-      Obey the traffic signs

-      Remember the speed limit is the legal limit in ideal conditions, allow for deviations.

 

  1. Changing lanes without checking blind spots

-      Signal, check mirrors, then use quick glance

-      Make lane changes gradually

 

  1. Driving while upset

   Avoid this, as it is comparable to driving intoxicated.

 

  1. Ignoring essential auto maintenance (brake lights, bald tyres, etc.)

-      Do weekly maintenance checks

-      Replace brake pads every 15000 kms.

-      Replace worn out Tyres