DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC ON ENVIRONMENT
2. Noise 3.Jams & Congestion 4. Air pollution 5.Degrading the
different factors contribute to Accidents:
Over-speeding, rash driving, violation of rules, failure to
understand signs, fatigue, alcohol consumption.
Carelessness, illiteracy, crossing at wrong places, moving on
Projecting their body outside vehicle, by talking to drivers,
alighting and boarding vehicle from wrong side, traveling on
footboards, catching a running bus etc, non use of helmets, seat
Failure of brakes or steering, tyre burst, insufficient headlights,
overloading, projecting loads.
Potholes, damaged road, eroded road, merging of rural roads with
highways, diversions, illegal speed breakers, improper signes and
markings, poor lighting, poor geometry.
snow, heavy rainfall, wind storms, hail storms.
Preventive measures for accidents:
Education and awareness about road safety
Enforcement of Law
Consequences of Accidents:
India has taken several steps to improve road safety for road users
which are as under:
ensured that road safety is the integral part of road design at
steps to enhance road safety such as road furniture, road markings/
road signs, introduction of Highway Traffic Management System using
Intelligent Transport System, enhancement of discipline among
contractors during construction, road safety audit on selected
stretches, have been undertaken by National Highways Authority of
Refresher training to Heavy Motor Vehicle drivers in the unorganized
up of Driving Training School in the states.
Publicity campaign on road safety awareness both through the audio-
visual and print media.
Conferment of National Award for voluntary organizations/ Individual
for outstanding work in the field of road safety
Tightening of safety standards of vehicles like seat belts,
Power-steering, rear view mirror etc.
Providing cranes and ambulances to various Stat Governments/ NGOs
under National Highway accident Relief service Scheme. National
Highway Authority of India also provides ambulances at a distance of
50 Km. on each of its completed stretches of National Highways under
its operation & Maintenance contracts.
and improvements of National Highways from 2 lanes to 4 Lanes and 4
Lanes to 6 Lanes etc.
Spreading awareness among youth to make road safety a social