Government of Puducherry
Traffic Police

 

Guidelines for Car Drivers

  • Always carry your driving license and important documents such as your vehicle registration certificate, insurance certificate, road tax and P.U.C certificate with you while driving.

  • Don’t Drink while Driving.

  • Don’t Drive under the influence of drugs.

  • Obey all traffic signals, lights and signs.

  • Use the indicator or hand signals when changing lanes.

  • Adhere to permitted speed limits.

  • Don’t use your cell phone while driving. If you must, move to the left, halt and then make the call.

  • Irrespective of right of way, stay alert and be considerate to pedestrians especially senior citizens, handicapped, ladies and children.

  • Do not overload your vehicles – be it luggage or passengers.

  • Do not use tinted glasses, lenses or visors or anything that restricts vision at night or in poor visibility conditions.

  • Do not drink and drive as it adversely affects your judgement and abilities.

  • Wear seat belts.

  • Always drive using the correct gear.

  • Avoid sudden braking and harsh acceleration.

  • Never use the clutch as footrest while driving.

  • Do not overload your vehicle or trailer. Never tow greater weight than recommended by the manufacturer of your vehicle.

  • Please ensure that all children under 14 years of age wear seat belts or sit in an approved child restraint.

Driving in fatigue enhances the probability of an accident. To minimise this risk you must follow these rules:

  • Make sure you are fit to drive. Do not undertake a long journey (longer than an hour) if you feel tired.

  • Avoid undertaking long journeys between midnight and early morning hours, when natural alertness is at its worst.

  • Plan your journey in breaks. A minimum break of at least 15 minutes after every two hours of driving is recommended.

  • If you feel sleepy, stop at a safe place. Do not stop on the hard shoulder of a motorway

  • The most effective ways to counter sleepiness are to take a short nap (up to 15 minutes) or drink, for example, two cups of strong coffee. Fresh air, exercise or turning up the radio may help for a short time, but are not as effective.

Children in cars: Drivers who are carrying children in cars should ensure that :

  • Children do not sit behind the rear seats in an estate car or hatchback, unless a special child seat has been fitted.</li>

  • The child safety door locks, where fitted, are used when children are in the car.

  • Children are kept under control.

  • A rear-facing baby seat is never fitted into a seat protected by an AIRBAG.

Driving Under Special Conditions

Fog

While driving in fog, reduce speed and turn headlights on. Always keep headlight on low beam mode, so that you can see road properly. The high beam does not help in fog as one cannot see through fog. If your vehicle has fog lamps turn them on. While in fog, not only seeing is important, but also being seen is important. Always be attentive and take some precautions as follows:

Always drive slow in fog

Turn on your headlights and keep them in low beam mode

       Make sure that you are seen. Turn on your fog lamps and parking lights

        Use defroster and windscreen wipers

       Always keep safe distance between vehicles

       If it is really impossible to drive pull off completely and keep your blinkers on

 

 

Hill Driving

Hill driving is difficult task and should be undertaken by experienced and apt drivers. Hill driving is different from driving in plain areas due to complex topography. Roads are designed differently in hills. The view of driver is restricted due to innumerous turns and suffers more fatigue due to excessive maneuvering of vehicle.

While driving on hill, driver should take care about following points:

 

·         If you are not apt driver, do not drive on hilly roads.

·         Always follow the speed limits and reduce speed at turns.

·         Always be attentive and avoid distractions like car stereos etc.

·         Always give priority to uphill traffic by giving it way.

·         Never drive in hills under the influence of alcohol.

·         Do not overtake on turns, curves and bridges.

·         Do not overload the vehicle.

·         Avoid using clutch pedal at turns and hairpin bends.

·         Do not run vehicle on neutral while driving down hill.

·         Always blow horn on turns.

·         Always check the vehicle specially brakes and tyres before starting hill journey.

 

Night Driving

Accidents more likely when driving at Night

Darkness can make driving a dangerous as well as challenging job. Night driving is more dangerous as your visibility space becomes limited at night.

Tips to make night driving safer :-

 

-      Make sure vehicle headlights, taillight and directional signals are operational.

-      Drive slowly at night

-      Keep more space between your vehicle and other vehicles.

-      Only use high beams in dark or remote areas where you can't see the road surface ahead.

-      On well lit corridors, drive with low beam, i.e., head lights dipped down.

-      Always use low beam when driving in fog.

-      Never stop on any roadway at night, it is hard for an approaching driver to tell whether or not a stopped car is moving until it is too late.

-      Never drink and drive. Alcohol can drastically slow the direct effect of eye's sensibility.

-      Retro-reflective tapes reflect when light falls on it during night. Now it is also mandatory to keep Retro-reflective triangle behind the vehicle during breakdown. Retro-reflective tapes ensure your visibility even when vehicle taillights go off. Always use it to be safe at night.

 

Driving in rain

 

The most important thing to remember is that brakes perform below their capacity during rain and snowfall.

Following should be kept in mind during rain:

1.     Drive slow.

2.    Keep pedalling your brakes to check their performance.

3.    Use your wind-screen wipers and demisters.

4.    Sometimes road becomes slippery because of the mixture of rain water and oil. Vehicle skids on such surfaces. So two wheeler drivers must take extra care.

5.    Increase the distance between two vehicles, so that you get time to stop your vehicle.

6.    Do not take sharp turns.

7.    If rain is heavy, keep your blinkers on.

8.    Drive carefully and slow through water inundated roads as there could be potholes.

9.    If you do not have power brakes in your vehicle, drive more cautiously and dead slow.

10. Do not overtake unnecessarily.

11.  If you are not apt driver do not drive on hills during heavy rains.

12. Ensure your tyres are properly maintained, with clean and visible treads.

13. Drive sensibly; do not speed up through collected water to splash it on others.

14. Keep your mud flaps in good condition.

15. Always keep umbrella in your vehicle during monsoon.

 

Late Night Parties and Driving

Partying is a way of life today but alcohol and drug abuse can turn it into mourning. Partying is cherishment of life which gives you happiness. Any impediment to this happiness is uncalled for. Every day we read news about accidents and young people losing their lives on road. Nobody wants such news to emanate from their family, nor do we want people loose life on road. To make society safe, following points should be kept in mind while celebrating.

-      Avoid late night parties.

-      Avoid alcohol in party.

-      When you feel you will get late, consider taking a driver with you.

-      Always have a friend who is teetotaler and knows driving when partying late during nights.

-      If somebody tells you that you are not fine to drive, believe him and do not drive.

-      Maximum accidents take place during wee hours i.e. 2 am to 6 am.

-      Driving after party could be fun but don't put your life on stake.

-      Always keep your family informed.

-      Take heed to these points and be a wise and safe citizen.

 

LANE DRIVING

LANE driving is sane driving; this adage has always proved good to the user. In India the saying remains on posters, pamphlets and hoardings only. We seldom see drivers following it in practice.

-      Lane driving or sticking to your lane is one of the easiest ways to drive safely. The method of lane driving can only be made successful when most of the drivers follow it, few follow­ing lanes and most driving haphazardly would not solve the problem.

-     If lanes are followed, overtaking also become smooth. Lane driving is an absolute necessity on a hill road. Most roads are demarcated by a centre line. However, sometimes when the road is not marked by proper lanes, you should still be able to tell which side of the road you should be on.

-     A driver always has to be on the defensive and to make allowance for mistake by another driver. You have to take the safest way to avoid accident and the best way is to stick to your lane.

Learning driving beyond your vehicle

Being a good driver is not just about the ability to control a car and having good reflexes but about attitude and being able to spot and understand dangers on the road.

Many die as a consequence of inexperience, speeding, intoxication through drink or drugs or just plain recklessness.

 

Whenever and wherever you drive:

 

  Watch your speed : Every stretch of road has been designated with a speed limit, which has been arrived at by scientific methods. Any violation of speed limit on road could put driver into dangerous situations. A speeding vehicle needs more braking distance than a slower vehicle. Making judgment at high speed is very difficult. Visual calculation of distance by brain may not be accurate. You burn extra fuel while driving at speed more than the optimum and jeopardize your and others life.

 

  Expect to encounter different road users: Do not expect the road you are driving on to be perfect. You will encounter many fellow drivers who may not have same temperament, upbringing, and etiquettes as you have. So driving is not only steering a vehicle on road, it also involves inculcating the habits of patience and compassion. You may face rowdy drivers, abusive ones, teasers, tipplers on road; you have to handle all these fellow drivers and then only one can be called an accomplished driver.

 

  Be patient: Patience is the most important trait of a good driver. Impatient drivers are sure to make mistakes. They will jump red lights, will tailgate and will get irritated upon slightest provocation. This makes him more vulnerable to accidents on road.

 

  Give others time and room: If you honk at red lights, you must mend your habit. Each driver has his own style of driving. Some times we find slow drivers on road who are bullied by other drivers by incessant honking, for room to overtake him. Try to put yourself in his shoes. He may be a learner or had recently started driving or may be his car has developed some snag. Your continuous honking could scare him and he could make a mistake on road. Any mistake by him on road could lead to an accident. No one is a born driver, help others drive and be patient on road.

 

  Be ready for mistakes by others : You could be a perfect driver but do not expect all others to be perfect. They could make mistakes and you may be the one who pays for it. So one should make allowance and be prepared for somebody else's mistake also. Do not overreact, handle the situation calmly. Decision taken in anger is always wrong.

 

  Concentrate on your driving: You are handling a machine of more than 1000 kilos. Concentration is the most important aspect of driving. Do not get distracted by music, cell phones, talkative companion or big billboard, hoardings etc. Slightest of distractions have caused number of fatal accidents. Never drive and use a mobile phone - You can be easily distracted.